The Twelve Days of Christmas
was written during the 16th century religious wars of England. It was used as a
tool to secretly teach children the basic doctrines of the Christian faith.
The true love represents God, me represents the believer in Jesus
Christ, and the partridge represents
Jesus Christ. The song presents Jesus Christ as a mother partridge covering her chicks, recalling the
expression of Christ's sadness over the fate of Jerusalem: "Jerusalem!
Jerusalem! How often would I have sheltered you under my wings, as a hen does
her chicks, but you would not have it so . . . " (Luke 13:34).
On the first day of Christmas my true love gave to me=
My true love is
symbolic of God the Father.
A partridge in a pear tree= Jesus Christ (The pear tree is symbolic of the cross).
Two turtle doves= The Old and New Testaments.
Three French hens= Faith, hope and love. (1 Corinthians
Four calling birds= The Gospels. (Matthew, Mark, Luke and
Five golden rings= The first five books of the Bible. (Ge, Ex, Lev., Nu., Deut.)
Six geese a laying= The days of creation. (Genesis 1:1-31)
Seven swans a swimming= Gifts of the Holy Spirit. (Ro 12:6-8, 1 Co 12:7-11)
Eight maids a milking= The Beatitudes. (Matthew 5:1-12)
Nine ladies dancing= The Fruit of the Holy Spirit.
Ten lords a leaping= The Ten Commandments. (Exodus 20:1-17)
Eleven pipers piping= The eleven faithful disciples.
(Luke 6:14-16) Not including Judas, the betrayer.